Hi all
today i was trying to deploy my asp.net application on windows 7, 1st step completed successfully but after making some updates in my web.config file i got some deployment errors, after goggling i found there have a lot of modification in new IIS 7+ which a developer must know before deploying the application, i have listed them for your assistance.

Migration errors

These errors occur due to changes in how some ASP.NET configuration is applied in Integrated mode.  IIS will automatically detect this configuration and issue an error asking you to migrate your application, or move it to classic mode if migration is not acceptable (See breaking change #3 below).


1) ASP.NET applications require migration when specifying configuration in <httpModules> or <httpHandlers>.

You will receive a 500 – Internal Server Error.  This can include HTTP Error 500.22, and HTTP Error 500.23: An ASP.NET setting has been detected that does not apply in Integrated managed pipeline mode.

It occurs because ASP.NET modules and handlers should be specified in the IIS <handlers> and <modules> configuration sections in Integrated mode.


1) You must migrate the application configuration to work properly in Integrated mode.  You can migrate the application configuration with AppCmd:

> %windir%\system32\inetsrv\Appcmd migrate config “<ApplicationPath>”

2) You can migrate manually by moving the custom entries in in the <system.web>/<httpModules> and <system.web>/<httpHandlers> configuration manually to the <system.webServer>/<handlers> and <system.webServer>/<modules> configuration sections, and either removing the <httpHandlers> and <httpModules> configuration OR adding the following to your application’s web.config:


<validation validateIntegratedModeConfiguration=”false” />



2) ASP.NET applications produce a warning when the application enables request impersonation by specifying <identity impersonate=”true”> in configuration

You will receive a 500 – Internal Server Error. This is HTTP Error 500.24: An ASP.NET setting has been detected that does not apply in Integrated managed pipeline mode.

It occurs because ASP.NET Integrated mode is unable to impersonate the request identity in the BeginRequest and AuthenticateRequest pipeline stages.


1) If your application does not rely on impersonating the requesting user in the BeginRequest and AuthenticateRequest stages (the only stages where impersonation is not possible in Integrated mode), ignore this error by adding the following to your application’s web.config:

<validation validateIntegratedModeConfiguration=”false” />


2) If your application does rely on impersonation in BeginRequest and AuthenticateRequest, or you are not sure, move to classic mode.


3) You receive a configuration error when your application configuration includes an encrypted <identity> section.

You will receive a 500 – Internal Server Error.  This is HTTP Error 500.19: The requested page cannot be accessed because the related configuration data for the page is invalid.
The detailed error information indicates that “Configuration section encryption is not supported”.

It occurs because IIS attempts to validate the <identity> section and fails to read section-level encryption.


1) If your application does not have the problem with request impersonation per breaking change #2, migrate your application configuration by using AppCmd as described in breaking change #1:

> %windir%\system32\inetsrv\Appcmd migrate config “<ApplicationPath>”

This will insure that the rest of application configuration is migrated, and automatically add the following to your application’s web.config to ignore the <identity> section:


<validation validateIntegratedModeConfiguration=”false” />


2) If your application does have the problem with request impersonation, move to classic mode.


Authentication, Authorization, and Impersonation

In Integrated mode, both IIS and ASP.NET authentication stages have been unified.  Because of this, the results of IIS authentication are not available until the PostAuthenticateRequest stage, when both ASP.NET and IIS authentication methods have completed.  This causes the following changes:



4) Applications cannot simultaneously use FormsAuthentication and WindowsAuthentication

Unlike Classic mode, it is not possible to use Forms Authentication in ASP.NET and still require users to authenticate with an IIS authentication method including Windows Authentication, Basic Authentication, etc.  If Forms Authentication is enabled, all other IIS authentication methods except for Anonymous Authentication should be disabled.
In addition, when using Forms Authentication, the following changes are in effect:

–       The LOGON_USER server variable will be set to the name of the Forms Authentication user.

–       It will not be possible to impersonate the authenticated client.  To impersonate the authenticated client, you must use an authentication method that produces a Windows user instead of Forms Authentication.


1) Change your application to use the pattern explained in Implementing a two level authentication scheme using Forms Authentication and another IIS authentication method in IIS 7.0.



5) Windows Authentication is performed in the kernel by default.  This may cause HTTP clients that send credentials on the initial request to fail.

IIS 7.0 Kernel-mode authentication is enabled by default in IIS 7.0.  This improves the performance of Windows Authentication, and simplifies the deployment of Kerberos authentication protocol.  However, it may cause some clients that send the windows credentials on the initial request to fail due to a design limitation in kernel-mode authentication.  Normal browser clients are not affected because they always send the initial request anonymously.

NOTE: This breaking change applies to both Classic and Integrated modes.


1) Disable kernel-mode authentication by setting the userKernelMode to “false” in the system.webServer/security/authentication/windowsAuthentication section.  You can also do it by AppCmd as follows:

> %windir%\system32\inetsrv\appcmd set config /section:windowsAuthentication /useKernelMode:false


6) Passport authentication is not supported.

You will receive an ASP.NET 500 – Server Error: The PassportManager object could not be initialized. Please ensure that Microsoft Passport is correctly installed on the server.

Passport authentication is no longer supported on Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008.  NOTE: This breaking change applies to both Classic and Integrated modes.



7) HttpRequest.LogonUserIdentity throws an InvalidOperationException when accessed in a module before PostAuthenticateRequest

You will receive an ASP.NET 500 – Server Error: This method can only be called after the authentication event.

HttpRequest.LogonUserIdentity throws an InvalidOperationException when accessed before PostAuthenticateRequest, because the value of this property is unknown until after the client has been authenticated.


1) Change the code to not access HttpRequest.LogonUserIdentity until at least PostAuthenticateRequest



8) Client impersonation is not applied in a module in the BeginRequest and AuthenticateRequest stages.

The authenticated user is not known until the PostAuthenticateRequest stage.  Therefore, ASP.NET does not impersonate the authenticated user for ASP.NET modules that run in BeginRequest and AuthenticateRequest stages.  This can affect your application if you have custom modules that rely on the impersonating the client for validating access to or accessing resources in these stages.


1) Change your application to not require client impersonation in BeginRequest and AuthenticateRequest stages.


9) Defining an DefaultAuthentication_OnAuthenticate method in global.asax throws PlatformNotSupportedException

You will receive an ASP.NET 500 – Server Error: The DefaultAuthentication.Authenticate method is not supported by IIS integrated pipeline mode.

In Integrated mode, the DefaultAuthenticationModule.Authenticate event in not implemented and hence no longer raises. In Classic mode, this event is raised when no authentication has occurred.


1) Change application to not rely on the DefaultAuthentication_OnAuthenticate event.  Instead, write an IHttpModule that inspects whether HttpContext.User is null to determine whether an authenticated user is present.



10) Applications that implement WindowsAuthentication_OnAuthenticate in global.asax will not be notified when the request is anonymous[M2]

If you define the WindowsAuthentication_OnAuthenticate method in global.asax, it will not be invoked for anonymous requests.  This is because anonymous authentication occurs after the WindowsAuthentication module can raise the OnAuthenticate event.



1) Change your application to not use the WindowsAuthentication_OnAuthenticate method.  Instead, implement an IHttpModule that runs in PostAuthenticateRequest, and inspects HttpContext.User.


Request limits and URL processing

The following changes result due to additional restrictions on how IIS processes incoming requests and their URLs.


11) Request URLs containing unencoded “+” characters in the path (not querystring) is rejected by default

You will receive HTTP Error 404.11 – Not Found: The request filtering module is configured to deny a request that contains a double escape sequence.

This error occurs because IIS is by default configured to reject attempts to doubly-encode a URL, which commonly represent an attempt to execute a canonicalization attack.

1) Applications that require the use of the “+” character in the URL path can disable this validation by setting the allowDoubleEscaping attribute in the system.webServer/security/requestFiltering configuration section in the application’s web.config.  However, this may make your application more vulnerable to malicious URLs:



<requestFiltering allowDoubleEscaping=”true” />




12) Requests with querystrings larger then 2048 bytes will be rejected by default

You will receive an HTTP Error 404.15 – Not Found: The request filtering module is configured to deny a request where the query string is too long.

IIS by default is configured to reject querystrings longer than 2048 bytes.  This may affect your application if it uses large querystrings or uses cookieless ASP.NET features like Forms Authentication and others that cumulatively exceed the configured limit on the querystring size.

NOTE: This breaking change applies to both Classic and Integrated modes.


1) Increase the maximum querystring size by setting the maxQueryString attribute on the requestLimits element in the system.webServer/security/requestFiltering configuration section in your application’s web.config:




<requestLimits maxQueryString=”NEW_VALUE_IN_BYTES” />




Changes in response header processing

These changes affect how response headers are generated by the application.


13) IIS always rejects new lines in response headers (even if ASP.NET enableHeaderChecking is set to false)

If your application writes headers with line breaks (any combination of \r, or \n), you will receive an ASP.NET 500 – Server Error: Value does not fall within the expected range.

IIS will always reject any attempt to produce response headers with line breaks, even if ASP.NET’s enableHeaderChecking behavior is disabled.  This is done to prevent header splitting attacks.

NOTE: This breaking change applies to both Classic and Integrated modes.


14) When the response is empty, the Content-Type header is not suppressed

If the application sets a Content-Type header, it will remain present even if the response is cleared.  Requests to ASP.NET content types will typically have the “Content-Type: text/html” present on responses unless overridden by the application.
1) While this should not typically have a breaking effect, you can remove the Content-Type header by explicitly setting the HttpResponse.ContentType property to null when clearing the response.


15) When the response headers are cleared with HttpResponse.ClearHeaders, default ASP.NET headers are not generated.  This may result in the lack of Cache-Control: private header that prevents the caching of the response on the client

HttpResponse.ClearHeaders does not re-generate default ASP.NET response headers, including “Content-Type: text/html” and “Cache-Control: private”, as it does in Classic mode.  This is because ASP.NET modules may call this API for requests to any resource type, and therefore generating ASP.NET-specific headers is not appropriate.  The lack of the “Cache-Control” header may cause some downstream network devices to cache the response.
1) Change application to manually generate the Cache-Control: private header when clearing the response, if it is desired to prevent caching in downstream network devices.


Changes in application and module event processing

These changes affect how the application and module event processing takes place.


16) It is not possible to access the request through the HttpContext.Current property in Application_Start in global.asax

If your application accesses the current request context in the Application_Start method in global.asax as part of application initialization, you will receive an ASP.NET 500 – Server Error: Request is not available in this context.

This error occurs because ASP.NET application initialization has been decoupled from the request that triggers it.  In Classic mode, it was possible to indirectly access the request context by accessing the HttpContext.Current property.  In Integrated mode, this context no longer represents the actual request and therefore attempts to access the Request and Response objects will generate an exception.


1) See Request is not available in this context exception in Application_Start for a detailed description of this problem and available workarounds.


17) The order in which module event handlers execute may be different then in Classic mode

The following differences exist:

–       For each event, event handlers for each module are executed in the order in which modules are configured in the <modules> configuration section.  Global.asax event handlers are executed last.

–       Modules that register for the PreSendRequestHeaders and PreSendRequestContent events are notified in the reverse of the order in which they appear in the <modules> configuration section

–       For each event, synchronous event handlers for each module are executed before asynchronous handlers.  Otherwise, event handlers are executed in the order in which they are registered.

Applications that have multiple modules configured to run in either of these events may be affected by these change if they share a dependency on event ordering.  This is not likely for most applications.  The order in which modules execute can be obtained from a Failed Request Tracing log.
1) Change the order of the modules experiencing an ordering problem in the system.webServer/modules configuration section.


18) ASP.NET modules in early request processing stages will see requests that previously may have been rejected by IIS prior to entering ASP.NET.  This includes modules running in BeginRequest seeing anonymous requests for resources that require authentication.

ASP.NET modules can run in any pipeline stages that are available to native IIS modules.  Because of this, requests that previously may have been rejected in the authentication stage (such as anonymous requests for resources that require authentication) or other stages prior to entering ASP.NET may run ASP.NET modules.

This behavior is by design in order to enable ASP.NET modules to extend IIS in all request processing stages.



1) Change application code to avoid any application-specific problems that arise from seeing requests that may be rejected later on during request processing.  This may involve changing modules to subscribe to pipeline events that are raised later during request processing.



Other application changes

Other changes in the behavior of ASP.NET applications and APIs.



19) DefaultHttpHandler is not supported.  Applications relying on sub-classes of DefaultHttpHandler will not be able to serve requests.[M3]

If your application uses DefaultHttpHandler or handlers that derive from DefaultHttpHandler, it will not function correctly.  In Integrated mode, handlers derived from DefaultHttpHandler will not be able to pass the request back to IIS for processing, and instead serve the requested resource as a static file.  Integrated mode allows ASP.NET modules to run for all requests without requiring the use of DefaultHttpHandler.



1) Change your application to use modules to perform request processing for all requests, instead of using wildcard mapping to map ASP.NET to all requests and then using DefaultHttpHandler derived handlers to pass the request back to IIS.



20) It is possible to write to the response after an exception has occurred.

In Integrated mode, it is possible to write to and display an additional response written after an exception has occurred, typically in modules that subscribe to the LogRequest and EndRequest events. This does not occur in Classic mode. If an error occurs during the request, and the application writes to the response in EndRequest after the exception has occurred, the response information written in EndRequest will be shown. This only affects requests that include unhandled exceptions. To avoid writing to the response after an exception, an application should check HttpContext.Error or HttpResponse.StatusCode before writing to the response.



21) It is not possible to use the ClearError API to prevent an exception from being written to the response if the exception has occurred in a prior pipeline stage

Calling Server.ClearError during the EndRequest event does not clear the exception if it occurred during an earlier event within the pipeline.  This is because the exception is formatted to the response at the end of each event that raises an exception.


1) Change your application to call Server.ClearError from the Application_OnError event handler, which is raised whenever an exception is thrown.



22) HttpResponse.AppendToLog does not automatically prepend the querystring to the URL.[M4]

When using HttpResponse.AppendToLog to append a custom string to the URL logged in the request log file, you will manually need to prepend the querystring to the string you pass to this API.  This may result in existing code losing the querystring from the logged URL when this API is used.

1) Change your application to manually prepend HttpResponse.QueryString.ToString() to the string passed to HttpResponse.AppendToLog.


Other changes

Other changes.


23) ASP.NET threading settings are not used to control the request concurrency in Integrated mode

The minFreeThreads, minLocalRequestFreeThreads settings in the system.web/httpRuntime configuration section and the maxWorkerThreads setting in the processModel configuration section no longer control the threading mechanism used by ASP.NET.  Instead, ASP.NET relies on the IIS thread pool and allows you to control the maximum number of concurrently executing requests by setting the MaxConcurrentRequestsPerCPU DWORD value (default is 12) located in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ASP.NET\2.0.50727.0 key.  This setting is global and cannot be changed for individual application pools or applications.



1) To control the concurrency of your application, set the MaxConcurrentRequestsPerCPU setting.


24) ASP.NET application queues are not used in Integrated mode.  Therefore, the “ASP.NET Applications\Requests in Application Queue” performance counter will always have a value of 0

ASP.NET does not use application queues in Integrated mode.


25) IIS 7.0 always restarts ASP.NET applications when changes are made to the application’s root web.config file.  Because of this, waitChangeNotification and maxWaitChangeNotification attributes have no effect.

IIS 7.0 monitors changes to the web.config files as well, and cause the ASP.NET application corresponding to this file to be restarted without regard to the ASP.NET change notification settings including the waitChangeNotification and maxWaitChangeNotification attributes in the system.web/httpRuntime configuration sections.



26) ASP.NET deadlock detection is not supported in Integrated mode.

ASP.NET 2.0 Classic mode supports a deadlock detection mechanism which monitors ASP.NET responses and considers the process deadlocked if no responses have been received in more then the amount of time specified in the <processModel responseDeadlockInterval> setting, and there are more than a certain number of requests outstanding.  In this case, the process is marked unhealthy and a new process is eventually started.  In Integrated mode, this feature is not supported.  If your application is prone to deadlocks, it may lead to deadlock conditions being undetected, however it should have no effect on healthy applications that do not exhibit deadlocks.


We usually use Singleton design pattern where only one object of a class is required. It is very simple and I try to explain it.

public class MyClass


static MyClass myclass;

// make constructor private

// now you cannot make a direct instance of this class like:

// MyClass obj=new MyClass() // it wount compile

private MyClass()



public static MyClass GetInstance()


lock (typeof(MyClass))


if (myclass == null)


myclass = new MyClass();



return myclass;





myclass = null;



Concept behind this patteren is very simple, we create a static object of a class which remains in memory until destroyed by the destructor.when we try to make another object of this class our method will check the existing instance, if already exist then retun the existing object otherwise create a new object.

Now call the static method using this line of codes

MyClass obj=MyClass.GetInstance();

if it is helpful, plese dont forget to leave a comment.

ASP.NET includes the TextBox control and the Validation controls which can be combined together to perform user input validation. The caveat is that the developer has to use two different controls to perform a simple validation. In this article we are going to create a custom TextBox control which will use different validation controls and reduce the complexity of using multiple controls.

Getting Started:

We have created a separate class library project called MyControlsLibrary which will host all the server controls. We will call our control RequiredTextBox control. The RequiredTextBox control will derive from the ASP.NET TextBox control and add the validators as composite controls. Let’s add a RequiredFieldValidator to the RequiredTextBox control.

Adding a RequiredFieldValidator to the RequiredTextBox Control:

Our first task is to add a RequiredFieldValidator to our new RequiredTextBox control. Here is the code:

public class RequiredTextBox : TextBox
public string RequiredTextBoxErrorMessage { get; set; }

private RequiredFieldValidator _requiredFieldValidator;

protected override void CreateChildControls()


private void CreateRequiredFieldValidator()
_requiredFieldValidator = new RequiredFieldValidator
ControlToValidate = ID,
ErrorMessage = RequiredTextBoxErrorMessage


protected override void Render(HtmlTextWriter writer)


The first thing to notice is the name of the property “RequiredTextBoxErrorMessage”. We have provided a descriptive property name instead of the simple “ErrorMessage”. The reason is that we will be adding other validators which will also have the ErrorMessage property. So, we are differentiating the validator error message properties by using descriptive names.

The CreateRequiredFieldValidator method is fired on the PreRender event and is used to create the RequiredFieldValidator control and then add it to the controls collection.

Using the RequiredTextBox Control:

Let’s use our new RequiredTextBox control on a ASP.NET page. The first thing that you must do is add a reference to the MyControlsLibrary class library project. Now, you need to register the assembly to the page so you can use the new RequiredTextBox control.

<%@ Register Assembly=”MyControlsLibrary” Namespace=”MyControlsLibrary” TagPrefix=”mycontrols” %>

And here is the usage of the control:

<form id=”form1″ runat=”server”>

<mycontrols:RequiredTextBox ID=”txtName” runat=”server” RequiredTextBoxErrorMessage=”This field cannot be left empty!” />


if it is helpful, plese dont forget to leave a comment.

Obtaining BLOB Values from a Database

The default behavior of the DataReader is to load incoming data as a row as soon as an entire row of data is available. Binary large objects (BLOBs) need to be treated differently, however, because they can contain gigabytes of data that cannot be contained in a single row. The Command.ExecuteReader method has an overload which will take a CommandBehavior argument to modify the default behavior of the DataReader. You can pass CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess to the ExecuteReader method to modify the default behavior of the DataReader so that instead of loading rows of data, it will load data sequentially as it is received. This is ideal for loading BLOBs or other large data structures. Note that this behavior may differ depending on your data source.

SequentialAccess Provides a way for the DataReader to handle rows that contain columns with large binary values BLOBs. Rather than loading the entire row, SequentialAccess enables the DataReader to load data as a stream. When setting the DataReader to use SequentialAccess, it is important to note the sequence in which you access the fields returned. The default behavior of the DataReader, which loads an entire row as soon as it is available, allows you to access the fields returned in any order until the next row is read. When using SequentialAccess however, you must access the different fields returned by the DataReader in order. For example, if your query returns three columns, the third of which is a BLOB, you must return the values of the first and second fields before accessing the BLOB data in the third field. If you access the third field before the first or second fields, the first and second field values will no longer be available. This is because SequentialAccess has modified the DataReader to return data in sequence and the data will not be available after the DataReader has read past it. When accessing the data in the BLOB field, use the GetBytes or GetChars typed accessors of the DataReader, which fill an array with data. You can also use GetString for character data, however to conserve system resources you may not want to load an entire BLOB value into a single string variable. You can specify a specific buffer size of data to be returned, and a starting location for the first byte or character to be read from the returned data. GetBytes and GetChars will return a long value, which represents the number of bytes or characters returned. If you pass a null array to GetBytes or GetChars, the long value returned will be the total number of bytes or characters in the BLOB. You can optionally specify an index in the array as a starting position for the data being read.

Writing BLOB Values to a Database

You can write a binary large object (BLOB) to a database as either binary or character data, depending on the type of field at your data source. To write a BLOB value to your database, issue the appropriate INSERT or UPDATE statement and pass the BLOB value as an input parameter. If your BLOB is stored as text, such as a SQL Server text field, you can pass the BLOB as a string parameter. If the BLOB is stored in binary format, such as a SQL Server image field, you can pass an array of type byte as a binary parameter.

if it is helpful, plese dont forget to leave a comment.


if (FileUpload1.PostedFile != null)
string ImageName = “SampleImage.jpg”;
//FileUpload1.SaveAs(Server.MapPath(“Images\\”) + ImageName);

System.Drawing.Image MainImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(FileUpload1.PostedFile.InputStream);
System.Drawing.Image.GetThumbnailImageAbort myCallback =
new System.Drawing.Image.GetThumbnailImageAbort(ThumbnailCallback);
System.Drawing.Image Thumbnailimage = MainImage.GetThumbnailImage(600, 600, myCallback, IntPtr.Zero);

string ThumbnailPath = Server.MapPath(“ThumbnailImages\\”) + ImageName;

using (System.Drawing.Image TargetImage = Thumbnailimage)
using (System.Drawing.Image Thumbnail =
TargetImage.GetThumbnailImage(100, 100, myCallback, IntPtr.Zero))


if it is helpful, plese dont forget to leave a comment.